7 Natural Facts about Australia that Are Incredibly Unique
Post by Anupam Pandey | Oct 01, 2018
Australia is one of the most different lands that our planet has and most of its attributes are also very uncharacteristic and unambiguous to any other place elsewhere in the world. If you are not aware of these extremely interesting differences, you are depriving yourself of the most peculiar knowledge of our planet. The differences that you can find in Australia are due to its geographical isolation from the other parts of the world and it is highly unprecedented to unveil the variations of these restricted factors in one go.
Why is Australia so different? Well, this is due to geographical tectonic movements which occurred several thousands of years ago and created a divide between the combined major continent called Gondwanaland which used to cover the whole of Asia, Europe and Africa as a combined geographical entity and a separate Tasmanian (Australasian) land. This isolation of Australia from the mainland provided a sound backdrop for some of the most astonishing differences in the evolutionary process and it has played a major role in the research of theory of biological evolution proposed by Charles Darwin and the Darwinian Theory of the ‘Survival of the Fittest’ which we all have learnt from our biology textbooks. If you are interested in biological evolution and the secrets of the living world, you must visit Australia to experience it first-hand. You can use these Klook Voucher Codes and avail exclusive discounts on your travel bookings to explore the uniqueness of Australia.
But to say that these difference are just limited to the biological scope of diversity in living beings, would not be complete in entirety and we must not ignore the natural environment and various other vital geographic distinguishing factors that Australia possess. The land has its own incredible history and the facts of all these beautiful but different places make Australia a truly incredible destination which is worth visiting for any traveller. For booking a hotel in Australia, use the Expedia voucher codes and avail exclusive deals and offers on your bookings.
Here are a few amazing facts about Australia that would amaze you…
The Largest Island on Earth
Australia is the 6th largest country in terms of the area which is almost equal to that of America. But one thing that makes it different altogether is that Australia is the largest island on the face of the earth and that too by a very healthy margin. Now when you consider the different statistics, it becomes even clearer that how much land does the country has in terms of area.
To start with, Australia compromises of a landmass that would be equal to 32 times the total size of the UK and is greater than 20 times the size of Japan. To put things in perspective about the area of Australia, you can easily understand it with this one fact alone. There is a cattle house in South Australia that covers an area larger than many of the small European nations combined together such as Slovenia, Vatican and Belize etc.
Very Low Population Density – 3.09 People per Square Kilometer
While Australia might rank amongst one of the most popular tourist hubs in the world, one thing that most people don’t know about is that it has a really low population density and even though it is the 6th largest country in area, it features nowhere in the list of top 50 nations in terms of population. In fact, when you take the population density into account, Australia is ranked 236th in the list i.e. in the bottom 10 of the list. In fact, Australia has two times the population of Kangaroos than human. There are approx. 25 million human beings living in Australia while Kangaroos are expected to be roughly around 50 million. That is almost the twice as much as human beings.
Why so? The majority of the human population that lives in Australia lies in the coastal regions and every major city of the country is in fact located on the coastline. This leaves a very large barren landmass in the middle of the island which is uninhibited by human beings till date. This is not just because of the love of seashores but it is rather due to the inherently inhabitable conditions for human beings in general. The most part is covered by a large desert which has almost negligible living existence except for a few reptiles and arthropods. There are many sites on this landmass which have become famous in the tourism industry for the sightseeing and picturesque landscape they offer, but human colonies have not acquired the land for obvious issues that one ought to face while living there.
The Unknown and Uncommon Wildlife
Australian Island has been developed as an entirely different landmass that had no influence as such from the other regions of the land. The climatic conditions and the geographic influence led to a very different biological evolution of species on the island which lay found foundation of one of the most vital discoveries in the field of evolutionary genetics. The differences of the living organisms on the Australian land, when compared with the other regions, have shown some of the culpable reasons that provide the base for evolution. This is known as the Tasmanian Effect in the biological world and it helped Charles Darwin to produce the concept of Darwinism. The different animals found in Australian landscape can be understood from few unique animal species found in the region.
The most prominent difference is found in the reptilian world as most of the reptiles found in the region are very better equipped with biological tools than the rest of the world. The lizards found in Australia are usually much larger in size when compared to the usual size of lizards. The most venomous species of the snakes are found in Australia. 8 out of 10 most venomous snakes on the planet are from the Australian lands. Now, this clearly shows the reptilian dominance in the region which is thought to have been developed due to an absence of any dominant mammalian canine species in the region. Some mammalians such as platypus, kangaroos, monkeys, cats and various other mammalian progenies of different morphological features have been found in Australian. Many biologists still believe that there are many native species yet to be discovered in Australia.
Australia Has More Than 10,000 Beaches
Being such a huge island, Australia has a very large coastline and it is mostly the coastlines of Australia which inhibit human population. The Australians love beaches and obviously, those who visit Australia or move to Australia come to terms with this profound love for beaches and gradually develop the similar likeness towards it. The coastline of a country that stretches to a distance of over twenty-six thousand kilometres has got to have the unlimited number of beaches for obvious reasons. According to a report developed on the basis of Australian tourism, researched a count of the number of beaches in the country and found over 10,700 sand beaches in the country and mind you these do not include those beaches that have rocky seaside views.
If you evaluate the demographic statistics of the population of Australia, you will find that a staggering 85% of the population is inhibiting at a region within 50 kilometres of the coastline. The number of beaches in Australia is of such a huge scale that you can literally visit a new beach every day for more than 29 years of your life in order to explore all of them. This in itself tells you the immense versatility of beaches that are available to be explored by travellers on the Australian coastline. In fact, many of these beaches are very nicely compatible with surfing and other water sports. But again there is a statuary warning; the Sea around Australian Island has some of the most deadly marine animals including the stingray and jellyfish which have caused a few causalities of human lives over the years.
Distinct and Diverse Landscapes
Great Barrier Reef – This is the only organic structure formed by a living organism that is visible from the space and is undoubtedly the largest living organism that covers an area of 344 thousand square kilometres. It is a home of 2900 reefs and many varieties of fishes and marine wildlife. This is considered to be the most intricate living ecosystems that we have on our planet and therefore named amongst the 7 natural wonders of the world.
Uluru – This is a sandstone rock structure which has been formed 600 million years ago. This lies in the Northern Territory of Australia and is known as Ayres Rock. This structure holds a vital reverence in the local population due to its enigmatic and extravagant aura which is largely caused by the immensely vibrant golden shadow emitted by the rocks. The structure is really huge with a height of 348 meters i.e. larger than Eiffel tower and a circumference of more than 9 kilometres.
Australian Alps – If you thought Australia is only about beaches and deserts, you are probably wrong. Australia also has tropical rainforests and mountains too. The mountain range is known Australian Alps is the highest place above the sea level on the Australian territory and is an alpine terrain that boasts of snow throughout the year. The mountain range lies in the northern Victoria and has a very familiar appearance to the Swiss Alps and thereby referred with the name Alps.
Unimaginable Human Developments
There are some very unique human constructions in the region thanks to a very restricted human occupation. The capital of Australia is Canberra which is not a city that used to exist till the 19th century. In fact, nobody knew about a place with this name. The city was developed due to the conflict between the city of Melbourne and Sydney on the issue of being named the Capital city. Both the cities were arch-rivals in terms of their composite elements. So, Canberra was created at a place that was equidistant from the two cities and the name was also derived from the local lingo which meant ‘a meeting place’.
When you consider some of the aspects of the vast barren land in central Australia, you will find some amazing human developments. For instance, Australia has the longest straight road which has no turns in between for a distance of 146 kilometres. There is another road that connects the state of Queensland and South Australia which goes on for a stretch of 5600 Kilometers and has the distinction of being the longest fence on the planet. Similarly, one of the most unique postal mail services run in one of the Australian places where a postman has the responsibility of travelling 1450 kilometres from Cairns to Cape York just to deliver one postal letter.
One of the Most Versatile Societies in the World
When it comes to the cultural diaspora, Australia has such a versatile amalgam that one could never find elsewhere. Almost 25% of the Australian citizens who have the citizenship of the country are those who were not born in the country. On taking account of those who have had been born in Australia, it is expected that almost 50% of them had their parents not born in Australia and had migrated to the country after birth. So it is clearly inevitable to find many distinct cultural lineages in the society and this would easily become one of the most versatile societies that we have in the world. The diaspora of the different ethnic groups is largely from Asia that includes Chinese, Indians, Vietnamese, Arabians and South East Asian regions. Many North American and European migrants, mostly from Britain are also found.
While considering the native population of Australia, one has to accept that there is rather less influence of the indigenous population as we can find today. But this does not take away the fact that, Australia has one of the oldest human civilizations that has been dated back to 60,000 years and there are at least 250 different indigenous tribes with each having a different language of its own. These civilizations have been reportedly the oldest according to the DNA mapping and ageing analysis of various artefacts collected from these populations.
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