5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India That Epitomes of Architecture

Post by Anupam Pandey | May 09, 2019

There are not many countries in the world that are as much diverse and versatile as India. For any tourist who wants to get an insight into India as a whole, he would have to spend more than a year. Such diversity and insane variation are unprecedented and complex for the sustenance of any nation. The ‘Incredible India’ is the tagline used by Indian tourism ministry for its advertising itself and it is true to every bit. The more you get into it, the more intriguing and interesting it becomes for the outsiders. There is one famous phrase that an Indian Spiritual Leader uses to describe the marvel of India, “Cosmic Chaos” and India is actually something very close to this description.

But as you delve deeper into the culture and heritage of India, one thing is surely going to blow your mind out of proportions. It is the mesmerizing architecture of India that is phenomenal. While the artistic work of those architectures is equally great, but there is no denying the fact that it is an engineering and designing masterpiece which present the expertise of people involved in the creation of those insane creations. Even UNESCO has listed 5 such human creations in its list of World Heritage Sites which is no small feat in itself. So if you are interested in exploring a whole new world and one of the earliest human civilizations that still exists prosperously, then India should be your ultimate destination. Do remember to spare enough time for the tour and make every arrangement to ensure an awesome experience without getting into any trouble. You can find a plethora of tour packages at best prices by availing these Klook Coupon Code for saving money on your travel bookings with exclusive discounts offers.  So let us now explore those 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.

Red Fort

The construction on this mammoth fort began in 1638 and was ordered by Shah Jahan – one of the Great Mughal Kings to have ruled the subcontinent. The fort was completed in the year 1648 and has since served as the symbol of the nation. Having been passed on from the Mughal to the British and now to the Indian Government, the Red Fort has always been the epicentre of political activity in the Indian subcontinent and was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007.

The light and sound show held every evening is a major attraction here. Most of the items inside the fort premises are no longer functional but the building, on the whole, is well preserved. There are small patches of marble or metal missing in some places but, all in all, the site is well preserved and offers a deep insight to those seeking information about the architectural, cultural and sociological history of the Mughal Dynasty in particular and India in general. To take Best Tour Packages in India and enjoy the trip at pocket-friendly prices, you can use the Klook Promo Code India in your travel bookings for saving loads of money.

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal needs no introduction if at all due to its immense popularity and cult status in the world due to its profane beauty. The Taj Mahal is basically a Mausoleum which was created by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan after the death of her beloved wife Mumtaj Mahal. This architecture is considered to be the ‘Jewel of the Muslim Arts of medieval India’. The uncompromised beauty and expenditure did on making this structure are paramount that would easily make it the costliest human constructed building on the planet. The overall area covered by the premises of Taj Mahal has over 221 hectares of land possession out of which 38 hectares are an actual area used in the construction of the main building in which the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal has been located. It took a team of thousands of workers and labourers to work rigorously for 21 years to complete this construction work. 

The idea of this tomb came to Shah Jahan after the death of the lady love Mumtaj Mahal as the emperor wanted to construct as much beautiful tomb which can do justice with the beauty of his favourite loving wife. The Mughal emperor had also made up his mind to build a Black marble tomb identical to the Taj Mahal which he wanted to construct right next to the resting place of his beloved wife. Although, this plan of Shah Jahan was not fulfilled due to his own son Aurangzeb who poisoned his father and overturned the throne to take the seat himself. Unfortunately, Shah Jahan was kept inside a prison in Agra and the room in which Shah Jahan was kept had a window that provided a view of Taj Mahal. This building is not only a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites but has also been an overwhelming choice for the new 7 Wonders of the Earth in a survey held online. To enjoy Sightseeing Tours at best prices including all sorts of travel itinerary, avail these Klook Vouchers on your travel bookings. 

Elephanta Caves

The Elephanta Caves are located in the south-east direction at some distance from Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. These caves exhibit the two different set of works, the first one draws its inspiration from Hindu past and there is Buddhist influence as well in between the works. The Hindu caves draw more attraction due to the amazing hand made stone statues of Lord Shiva, one of the three trinities. The most astonishing thing about these statues is that they were crafted with the help of hand-held tools without any mechanical aid. This is truly a phenomenal feat accomplished by the creators of these artistic and magnanimous sized caves.

These caves used to be a prominent place of reverence amongst the medieval Hindu community until the Portuguese came and took control over the surrounding territories of Goa. The Portuguese colonialists also caused heavy damage to these caves as they tried to break it down as much as possible but couldn’t do so completely due to the enormous size of the monuments and artistic works. These caves were also associated with a number of rumours on their origin and creation. If we go by the Hindu scriptures and ancient texts, Elephanta Caves were mentioned in those scripts as well which has led to a popular local belief that this place is not created by man but some other forces in the past. The caves are said to be used by Pandava and Banasura in their devotion to Lord Shiva. This place was listed in the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in the year 1987.

Khajuraho

The monuments of Khajuraho are located in Chattarpur District of the central region of India in the state of Madhya Pradesh. These monuments are at a distance of 620 kilometres from the capital city New Delhi. It is certainly one of the most popular tourist destinations of India and visited by a large number of Tourists every year. This place is a medieval architecture site which consists of Hindu and Jain scriptures on its walls. The popularity of architectures of Khajuraho lies in the fact that there are a number of erotic sculptures which most people find intriguing for such an open-minded depiction of a taboo. Although, many of these classic works such as sculptures and monuments were destroyed over the years by the Muslim Invaders from Central East Asia and Arab regions, yet most of them were just too good and large to be broken by men alone. Moreover, there were so many sculptural works done that it would have consumed a lot of time of an entire unit of Soldiers. To get best deals on customized travel packages, this Klook Coupon can help you a lot. 

 

The temples found in Khajuraho have been considered as some of the important places in Hindu Mythology. These temples are divided into four areas which are based on their directions. The temples built in Khajuraho are mostly constructed with the help of sandstone and have a huge size. These sites present the aura and the intuitive ideas of the Hindu Kingdom of Chandel Rajputs which allowed such creativity and artistic expression to flourish back in the medieval times. These complicated structures took over 200 years of construction with almost 5 generations serving in the construction work of this place. The Khajuraho features a number of temples in itself such as Chausath Yogini Mandir, Brahma Temple, Vamana temple, Jawari, Varaha, Lalguna Mahadeva, Parshwanath Mandir, Adinath Temple, Ghantai and several others. This place was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites and included in the 7 Wonders of India too.

Ajanta Caves

The Ajanta Caves are one of the most popular tourist attractions in India. The Ajanta Caves are a total combination of 51 caves that were created in medieval times. The location of these caves is at a distance of around 100 kilometres from the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. These caves have been extensively researched by the Archeologists from all over the world who have suspected that the caves were created in two different phases of time. The first phase of construction was around 200 BC as per the conclusions drawn from these researches while the second phase was found to be somewhere near 600 AD time period. But it is still a conflict of opinion amongst the archaeologists as different researchers have drawn out a different conclusion about the construction of these rock caves. These caves are peculiarly known for their Buddhist inscriptions known as Jataka Tales that are considered as a hallmark of Buddhist mythology. Find the discount offers on travel itinerary with the Klook Discount Code and save plenty of money on your travel expenditure.

 

The caves were discovered for the first time by the common people nearly around 1820. The route to reach these caves was actually a very difficult one for a normal person, It would be better to say that these caves are more of an adventurous hike in the morning. The caves are built on a ravine which has an altitude of 250 meters. Although, you may find that some of these cases were not completely finished and left in between. But in spite of that, the ones which you would find completely finished are too good to be seen in one sight as there are several great mural painting drawn on the walls of the cave which surely catch us by surprise. Of all the caves over here, it is highly insisted that you should not miss caves 1, 2, 16, 17 and 19 for the best experience of this gem of a place.